Types Of Eczema: Symptoms And Causes

Types Of Eczema: Symptoms And Causes

There are many types of skin diseases known to us. One of the very common skin diseases is Eczema. This particular condition is widely seen in children, however, it can even happen to adults as well. If your skin turns red and itches from time to time, there are high chances that you have incurred the said condition.

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Types Of Eczema: Symptoms And Causes


Eczema can be of various types. The most common type is Atopic Dermatitis which is a form of allergy. People affected with this condition are often seen to suffer from asthma or allergies as well. Leaving this aside, there are few other forms of eczema and they all have different causes and symptoms. In this article, we will discuss all the types of eczema along with their symptoms and reasons that you get them. 
What are the different types of Eczema?

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There are around seven forms of eczema

There are around seven forms of eczema. Although they have separate symptoms like redness, itching, dry and scaly skin are common to all the types of eczema.

1. Atopic Dermatitis 
As you already know this is the most common type of eczema and it mainly occurs in childhood. The good thing is that they go away as you grow older. This type of eczema occurs in triad which includes fever and asthma.

Symptoms:
• Rashes around elbows or knees
• The skin around rashes turn thicker, darker or thicker
 Small bumps
• Skin gets affected while scratching

Causes:
 It occurs when your skin’s natural barrier is weakened.
 It may also be a genetic problem.
• It may result from a week immune system.
2. Dyshidrotic Eczema 

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Types Of Eczema: Dyshidrotic Eczema 

This type of eczema forms small blisters on your hands and feet. This is more likely to affect women than men.

Symptoms:
• Fluid-filled blisters occur on feet, fingers, palms, and toes
 Blisters hurt when you scratch them
 The skin may crack, flake or get scaly

Causes:
• It is mostly caused by allergies.
• It may result from damp feet and hands.
• It is also caused due to stress
• It can happen when you are exposed to substances like chromium salt, nickel or cobalt.

3. Contact Dermatitis 
If your skin starts getting red or itchy due to a substance that you touched then you have contact dermatitis. There are two types of contact dermatitis including allergic contact dermatitis and irritant contact dermatitis.

Symptoms:
 Itchy skin and red burns
• Itchy bumps occur on the skin
 Fluid-filled blisters
• Skin gets leathery or scaly

Causes:
• Contact dermatitis happens because of touching a substance that irritates you. some of the potential substances include:
• Detergents
 Jewelry
 Bleach
• Latex
 Paint
• Nickel
 Poison ivy
• Solvents
• Tobacco smoke

4. Hand Eczema 

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Types Of Eczema: Hand Eczema

This particular eczema type affects your hands and that’s where it gets its name from. People working as a cleaner or hairdresser are more likely to get this type of eczema. If you touch chemicals regularly with your bare hands, you can incur this condition.

Symptoms:
• Itchy hands
• Redness and dry hands
 Cracks or blisters on hands

Causes:
• Hand eczema is caused due to chemical exposure. It can be any chemical that irritates your skin. If you are working any of the following sectors then you may get this condition.
• Hairdressing
 Cleaning
• Laundry
• Healthcare

5. Neurodermatitis 

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Types Of Eczema: Neurodermatitis 

The next type is neurodermatitis which is quite similar to atopic dermatitis. It causes scaly patches on your skin. The affected areas may develop a thick skin as well.

Symptoms:
Scaly patches on your legs, arms, back of your neck, genitals
• The patches formed can be very itchy especially when you are sleeping
• Patches may bleed and also get infected if you scratch them

Causes:
• This type of eczema occurs when you are already affected by some other type of eczema or psoriasis. It is still not clear what causes this type of eczema. It is believed that it can also be triggered by excessive stress.

6. Stasis Dermatitis 

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Types Of Eczema: Stasis Dermatitis 

In this type of eczema, fluids start to ooze out from your veins into your skin. It can lead to redness, swelling, itching, and pain. People suffering from this condition often suffer a lot.

Symptoms:
• Swelling in the lower part of the legs, especially during the daytime
• Legs may feel heavy or ache a lot
• Varicose veins
• The skin over varicose veins will get itchy and dry
• Open sores may occur on top of your feet and legs

Causes:
• This type of eczema is caused by people who have some kind of blood problem in their lower legs. It is caused when the valves responsible for pushing blood up to your heart malfunctions. It can lead to blood to pool in your legs and as a result, you can have varicose veins.

7. Nummular Eczema 
If you notice coin-shaped, round spots on your skin chances are that you have nummular eczema. This type of eczema is very different from the other types. Nummular eczema is known to cause a lot of itching more than any other type of eczema.

Symptoms:
 Round spots on the skin
 Itchy spots
• Spots can get scaly

Causes:
• It is mainly triggered by an allergic reaction to chemicals or metals. However, it may also result from an insect bite.
• You may also get nummular eczema if you have extremely dry skin.
  It can also occur if you have atopic dermatitis.

If you experience any of these symptoms, you are advised to contact a skin specialist. Ignoring this will only make it worse for you.

You can also take help from Medicolo if needed. This is a service that is committed to making you feel better. They share experiences and stories of people suffering from the same medical condition as you. Instead of losing hope, you can connect with other people suffering from the same fate through this website. 

They provide a warm and supportive environment where you can ask questions and also find your answers. The site fetches you with unbiased and valid information on health. They share stories that promise a better future for all.

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